HSV: The Root of Herpes Causes
When seeking the source of herpes causes, you need to turn your attention to the human herpes simplex virus (HSV). All cases of herpes, whether oral or genital, have a strain of HSV at the source. In general, HSV-1, the first type of the simplex virus of herpes, causes the outbreak of fever blisters or cold sores around the mouth, known as oral herpes. HSV-2, the second type of the simplex virus of herpes, causes genital herpes, manifest as sores and lesions in the genital area. While HSV-1 is commonly associated with oral herpes and HSV-2 with genital herpes, the very contagiousness and simple skin-to-skin transmission of herpes causes, in many cases of oral sexual contact, oral herpes to be transmitted to the genitals, and genital herpes to transfer to the mouth. It is also possible for herpes to appear on the fingers and other parts of the body.
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Cellular Infection of Herpes Causes Repeated Outbreaks
The eruption of cold sores around the mouth or lesions in the genital area—symptomatic, respectively, of oral and genital herpes—causes afflicted persons to assume the disease is merely skin-deep. In reality, it is nerve-deep. Entering through the skin, HSV invades nerve cells and reprograms their DNA. The permanent melding into your nerve cells by herpes causes the enduring nature of the disease. Once infected by HSV, the genetic alteration of these cells by herpes causesthe cells to periodically produce new viral particles, which leach back through the skin, resulting in herpes’ signature sores and fever blisters. The release through lesions of this viral particle outflow of herpes causes the infectious HSV to potentially be passed on to non-infected persons through skin contact.
How Herpes Enters the Body
Direct contact with the sores or body fluid of a person infected withherpes causes contraction of the disease. By entering tiny, even microscopic, tears in your skin or mucus membranes, herpes causes infection of HSV. In the case of HSV-1, the virus travels through the skin to invade the nerve endings attached to the base of the brain to cause oral herpes. With HSV-2, the nerve endings at the pelvic end of the spinal chord are invaded by the virus, resulting in genital herpes.
While skin-to-skin contact with the sores of a person infected withherpes causes the spread of the disease, it is also possible to contract herpes from an infected person who exhibits no symptoms. In these instances, known as asymptomatic shedding , the person sheds the virus through his or her skin even in the absence of sores. Often in these circumstances, the invisible nature of asymptomatic shedding of herpes causes the infection to be unknowingly passed on.
Stopping Herpes in its Tracks
Becoming educated in methods of prevention helps stop the spread of herpes. It is valuable to know, for instance, that the extremely tiny size of the herpes virus enables it to pass through certain lambskin condoms, where latex condoms offer more reliable protection. Stymieing herpes causes and preventing its spread to loved ones begins with the proper diagnosis of the disease, and the first step is recognizing herpes symptoms . Unfortunately, there is as yet no cure for herpes, but with proper treatment, it can be managed.
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